Cardiovascular diseases are one of the leading causes of morbidity and mortality worldwide . Atherosclerosis and high blood pressure are the leading causes of heart attacks , strokes and heart failure . In order to protect yourself from these diseases, it is necessary to take timely measures when they first manifest themselves, and for this it is necessary to know the most common ailments of the cardiovascular system.

1. Excessive fatigue

If climbing to the 2nd floor is difficult and causes shortness of breath , palpitations , dizziness , and normal physical activity is difficult, the cause may be in the cardiovascular system . When the heart isn’t working properly, it can’t pump out enough blood to keep the lungs and brain muscles working, making physical activity difficult.

Persistent, unexplained fatigue that interferes with performing normal daily activities and requires you to stop and rest to catch your breath can indicate heart problems. It’s a good idea to do what is necessary and see your GP and a specialist .

2. Dizziness

Dizziness is a non-specific condition that can be caused by a number of diseases. When the heart is not working well and cannot supply the nerve cells of the brain with the required amount of oxygen, symptoms such as dizziness , irritability and frequent mood swings appear.

There are various causes that can lead to temporary weakness, e.g. B. if you have n’t eaten for a long time . Or you got up very quickly after sitting on the couch for a long time. However, if dizziness occurs regularly, it means the heart is no longer able to supply blood to the brain and is a symptom of an impending stroke .

3. Cough that won’t go away

In most cases, a cough is a common symptom of a cold. However, if you got rid of the flu safely a few weeks ago and the cough doesn’t go away, that’s a clear sign that a doctor’s visit is highly recommended.

Persistent coughing can be a side effect of allergies or bronchitis (which, frankly, isn’t funny either), but it can also be a result of heart failure , which makes it harder for fluid to drain from the lungs. A typical sign of a “heart cough” is pink or white mucus that you may be secreting. If you notice something like this, go to the doctor!

4. Chest pain

Chest pains are alarming . It may be due to a heart problem. However, not all chest pain is cardiac in origin. Heart pain is a severe discomfort in the middle of the chest, a feeling of tightness or pressure . The pain can spread to the left arm or both arms. Chest pain may be accompanied by cold sweats and shortness of breath .

Timely medical attention for chest pain can be life-saving, especially if the patient is middle-aged or elderly, or if there are risk factors such as high blood pressure, diabetes, or high cholesterol.

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